Conceptualization and Perspectives on Social Media Effects on Online Political Participation: A Review


  • Abdulrauf-Salau Aishat University of Ilorin


Social science phenomena are regularly faced with a myriad of debate among which
are the issues of conceptualization and perspectives. These differing views come about
as a result of differences in the scope, operationalization, methodology, objectives,
time or socio cultural context of exiting social science researches. Expectedly, the
concept of online political participation on social media in the digital age has also been
affected by these debates. Social media has rapidly been adopted as a tool for political
participation because online opportunities for such participation have become an
important avenue for citizens’ engagement in democracies. Consequently, increasing
number of researches are being carried out in this area, thus creating differing views in
terms of definitions and perspectives of the phenomena online political participation on
social media. As a consequence, this paper attempts to elucidate arguments on these
views by reviewing some existing studies in this area with a view to providing a clear
understanding of this form of political participation on social media.