• Dr. Eunice Erhagbe Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria with interest in Environmental law and Public Law
  • Emmanuella Adesuwa Edevbaro




The need for the protection of the film industries has never been more pressing. In Nigeria, the laws regulating and safeguarding the rights of filmmakers have been criticized over the years for being backward and inadequate in protecting their rights and those of creative in general. However, with the advent of the new Copyright Act of 2022, there is hope that Nigeria may have an improved set of laws aimed at ensuring the protection of creators, especially filmmakers. Nevertheless, some may argue that the Act still lacks compared to other countries with strong copyright laws that adequately protect their film sectors, such as the United States, the United Kingdom, and India. By comparing the copyright laws of these three jurisdictions to that of Nigeria, this research paper aims to determine if the new Copyright Act is on par with those of its more advanced counterparts and, if not, how the Nigerian Copyright Act can be further improved. This paper delves into the legal protection of films in Nigeria, the United States, the United Kingdom, and India, aiming to illustrate the differences and similarities in their laws by examining specific issues concerning the protection of films, such as originality, bestowed rights, moral rights, performers' rights, and authorship and ownership. The objective is to ascertain whether the Nigerian Copyright Act adequately safeguards filmmakers in the country.  

Keywords: Copyright Law, Film Industry, Audiovisual Works, Moral Rights, Comparative Analysis, Authorship.


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