Ethics and Malpractice Statements

Fountain Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal with both Online ISSN (2354-337X) and Print ISSN (2350-1863).  The Journal Publication Committee of the College of Natural and Applied Sciences, Fountain University, Osogbo, Nigeria is committed to ensuring that the editorial process of the journal is governed by rigorous ethical and malpractice standards that are both fair and transparent.  We recognize the complex nature of the scholarly publishing ecosystem which includes the authors, reviewers, editors, and publishers.  As a result, this journal follows the COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and the Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers.


  • The editors are to determine which manuscripts/articles submitted to the journal should be published. They are to ensure that decisions are made on any submission based on merit only and not on the author’s race, citizenship, religion, ethnicity, gender or political beliefs;
  • The editors are to subject any submitted manuscript to originality test by the use of the appropriate software and send out the blinded copy for the peer-review process;
  • The editors recommend to the Editor-in-Chief, which manuscripts to be accepted or rejected during the review process;
  • Provide the required guidance for the guest editors and the new editorial board members on what is required of them and also keeping the existing members abreast on new policies and developments;
  • Keeping confidentiality of the authors by ensuring that no information about the author(s) is revealed to the reviewers and vice-versa;
  • Editors are to ensure that no paper is rejected based on suspicion without any valid proof;
  • Editors are to ensure the best international ethical practices by ensuring that all accepted manuscripts meet the international best practice;
  • Ensure that only competent reviewers within a particular field are selected for the review process;
  • The editors shall ensure that materials from all unpublished works submitted to the journal are not used in their work;
  • Ensuring the publication of clarifications, corrections, retractions and apologies when the need arises;
  • The Editor must be responsive and follow the outlined processes in the COPE in a situation where an ethical complaint is made against a submitted or a published article.



The essence of the peer review process is to assist the editor and the editorial board in making a publishing decision and also assist the author to improve the quality of their work by providing critical feedback. With this, the reviews’ responsibilities are highlighted

  • Confidentiality: Any information regarding the submitted manuscript should be strictly kept confidential and shouldn’t be discussed with a third party without the permission of the editor.
  • Conflict of interest: If any of the reviewers have a conflict of interest in any manuscript resulting from a collaboration, competition, or any other connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers, the reviewer should not consider the manuscript.
  • Unbiasedness: The reviewers should consider the manuscript objectively without any consideration of the authors’ race, religion, ethnicity, political affiliation, age, or whatsoever.
  • Objectivity: The assessment by the reviewers should be conducted objectively, supported with data and the arguments should be clearly expressed without personal criticism of any of the authors.
  • Celerity: The review should be conducted promptly as stipulated by the editor and if a potential reviewer feels unqualified to assess the manuscript, he/she should withdraw from the review process and notify the editor immediately for a timely replacement.
  • Acknowledgement of sources and relevant works: The reviewers must make sure that authors have acknowledged and cited all sources of data used in the research. Any copyrighted pictures should be used with permission and any relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors should be identified.
  • Plagiarism and other ethical concerns: The reviewers should notify the editor if they suspect any plagiarism or other unethical practices concerning the manuscript.


  • Authorship of the Paper: Authorship should be limited to all those who have made substantial contributions to the conception, design, execution and analysis/interpretation of data including draft preparation. All authors are to take collective responsibility for the reported work.
  • Originality: Authors must ensure that the submitted article is original in content and has not been previously published or being considered for publication elsewhere.
  • Human and animal welfare: It is the duty of the authors to ensure that adequate considerations have been given to the welfare of human and animal subjects used in the work. Details of precautionary measures taken must be given while citing relevant body/ies responsible for the measures put in place.
  • Declaration of any conflict of interest: Authors must declare any conflict of interest that may arise from an article. This should include the source of funding for the work.
  • Avoidance of plagiarism: authors must ensure that works of others are properly cited and efforts should be made to avoid word for word copies of other people’s works.



The roles of the FUJNAS Committee of the College of Natural and Applied Sciences, Fountain University, Osogbo, Nigeria in scientific communication include:

  • To provide practical support to the Editor-in-Chief and Editorial Board in following the COPE Code of Conduct for journals;
  • To ensure the autonomy of editorial decisions;
  • To protect intellectual property and copyright, and arbitrate in disputes (e.g., over ethics, authorship);
  • To carry out copy-editing, proofreading, type-setting and styling of materials;
  • To ensure linking of articles to open and accessible databases;
  • To arrange and manage scholarly peer review;
  • To maintain the scholarly record;
  • To disseminate research data to researchers and other stakeholders such as policymakers, economic, biomedical and industrial practitioners as well as the general public;
  • To manage the processes of quality assurance, interlinking and findability of research;
  • To ensure transparency about the nature and the quality of the services offered as a publisher.


Maintaining FUJNAS as a scientific journal of the highest quality depends a lot on the Editorial Advisory Board. As a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of FUJNAS, you are expected to add value and academic credibility to FUJNAS in the following ways:

  • Work with the Editor-in-Chief and advise him on issues that should be addressed by the journal as well as the overall scope and focus of the journal;
  • Promote the journal whenever and wherever possible by sourcing new submissions and making the most of their academic/industry contacts in the journal’s subject areas;
  • May be requested to review papers and undertake book reviews; and
  • May be required to contribute to the journal content by contributing submissions as Guest Editors.