Governance and People's Power Movement in Tunisia
AbstractMany years of political misrule in Africa, as exemplified by personalised regimes, unaccountable governance and ruthless dictatorship have left most African countries politically demobilised, economically incapacitated and socially disunited. Such intense political upheaval and economic deprivations have thus prompted citizens’ mass agitation for socio-economic reforms or outright change of government in some African countries. This paper examined the nexus between governance and non-violence agitation for change of government through the formation of People’s Power Movement in Tunisia. The paper, which relied on secondary data found that bad governance, as characterised by corruption, rising unemployment rate; political repression and lack of basic freedom for citizens, were the major factors that led to the citizens’ revolution and the ousting of President Ben Ali from office in Tunisia. The study concluded that weak governance, which was primarily benchmarked by democratic deficits, rather than dividends, has remained the hallmark of governance system in Tunisia. It is recommended that there should be enthronement of good governance through mass employment opportunities and optimal respect for citizens’ rights, among others, as antidotes to mass agitation for violent change of government in Tunisia.