Social and Health Dimensions in Museum’s Patronage and its Implications for Sustainable Livelihood


  • Lawal Musediq Osun State University, Osogbo
  • Ajayi O Olugbenga
  • Olamilekan D Adebayo


Museums have been established as a veritable instrument for a virile tourism industry
because of advantages inherent in them. Their potentials for showcasing the people and
their culture is also a case that cannot be ignored. For the purpose of clarity, this paper
highlights the historical antecedents of museums in Nigeria with a view to helping in
the understanding of museum as a concept and that it is not alien to indigenous African
societies before the advent of the Europeans. It traces the development of modern
museums in the colonial period, up to the present and notes the problems and
associated difficulties attached to the effective management and funding of museums
in Nigeria. Specifically, the paper investigates the community knowledge and attitude
towards Museums and its implication on sustainable livelihood in Ile-Ife City, with
particular focus on Ife National Museum. The study made use of questionnaire and indepth

interview to collect data from the study population. A total of 180 copies of
questionnaire were retrieved from the respondents and analysed. The findings revealed
a high level of awareness about the existence of Museums among the people and a low
level of patronage for leisure and tourism purposes, which implies poor appreciation of
its social and health benefits. This poor patronage was traced to poor appreciation of
culture, which inherently has implication on sustainable livelihood and developmental
processes. The need to address this consequently becomes apt in view of empirical
declaration that existing models of sustainable development forged from economic or
environmental concern are unlikely to be successful without cultural considerations.

Museums, knowledge, attitude, sustainable livelihood