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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

About the Journal
The mission of Fountain Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences, the official journal of the College of Natural and Applied Sciences, Fountain University, Osogbo, is to publish premier peer-reviewed, hypothesis-driven, original research in all areas of natural and applied sciences.

Editorial Policy
Authors should prepare their manuscripts submitted to the Journal exactly according to the instructions given. Manuscripts, which do not follow the format and style of the Journal, may be returned to the authors for revision or rejected. The Journal reserves the right to make any further formal changes and language corrections necessary in a manuscript accepted for publication. Manuscripts are accepted with the understanding that the authors have not violated any ethical practice followed in preparation and publication of manuscripts.

General Requirements
All submitted manuscripts should contain original research not previously published and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Papers may come from any country but must be written in English. Manuscripts may be submitted for consideration as regular papers or reports. The Journal also publishes mini-review, which are by invitation, however, authors willing to submit a review article may write a proposal to the editor.

Manuscript Preparation

Submitting materials
Submit all text (typed in 11 point Tahoma) matter (including references, tables and boxes, and legends) in electronic form along with an exact printout, double- spaced on 8 1/2 x 11 inch or A4 paper with margins of 1 inch, or 4.5 cm, respectively. All pages in the manuscript should be page numbered, otherwise the manuscript will be returned to the author(s) for revision.

Cover letter
Disclose all possible conflicts of interest (e.g. funding sources for consultancies or studies of products). Full contact details with postal address (es), phone numbers (mobile & landline) and email IDs (primary & secondary) of the corresponding author must be clearly mentioned. The importance of the paper may be briefly indicated. A list of potential reviewers (not exceeding 5) with their email IDs should be included. The suggested reviewers must be working in the same area dealt with in the manuscript. Whether to use their services or not is the discretion of the Editor In Chief.

Title page
Title page should contain the title, authors names, their affiliations and their email IDs, corresponding authors name, email IDs, postal address, phone numbers (landline & mobile).

Should be in Title Case; the first character in each word in the title has to be capitalized. Authors names and affiliations should not be given.

Abstract should be between 250 - 300 words, containing a concise summary of the objective and scope, general methods, results, discussion, conclusion and significance of the research.

Key words
No more than six keywords are needed. Words appearing in the title should not be given as keywords. It is desirable to include the alternative words, if any under keywords.

Provides background on research topic, but focuses on setting up a particular problem. The specific aims of the project should be identified along with rationale for the specific experiments and other work performed. Its contribution to the area of study should be also identified.

Materials and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Newly developed methods should also be described. The sources of all major instruments and reagents used (kits, drugs, etc) must be given with parentheses. The statistical tool used to analyze the data should be mentioned. All procedures involving experimental animals or human subjects must accompany a statement on ethical approval from appropriate ethics committee.

A clear and concise results section should highlight the important results obtained. Data should be organized into figures and tables. Qualitative as well as quantitative results should be included if applicable.
This section should relate the results section to current understanding of the scientific problems being investigated in the field. Identify exceptions and unsettled points while discussing the significance of the results.

The main conclusions of the study should be presented in a short Conclusions section, providing an evidence to support each conclusion.

All references should be given at the end of the paper, following the APA reference style. References must be complete, including initials of author(s), full title of the paper, volume number, year of publication and first and last page numbers. Please see below for relevant examples.

For paper in a journal
Ajiboye, T.O., Salau, A.K., Yakubu, M.T., Oladiji, A.T., Akanji, M.A., & Okogun, J.I. (2010). Acetaminophen perturbed redox homeostasis in Wistar rat liver: Protective role of aqueous Pterocarpus osun leaf extract. Drug & Chemical Toxicology 33(1), 77-87

Journal article electronic version with DOI
Shepherd, R., Barnett, J., Cooper, H., Coyle, A., Moran- Ellis, J., Senior, V., & Walton, C. (2007). Towards an understanding of British public attitudes concerning human cloning. Social Science & Medicine, 65(2), 377-392. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.03.018

For a paper in a contributed volume or edited book
Samovar, L. A., & Porter, R. E. (Eds.). (1997). Intercultural communication: A reader (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Helber, L. E. (1995). Redeveloping mature resorts for new markets. In M. V. Conlin & T. Baum (Eds.), Island tourism: Management principles and practice (pp. 105-113). Chichester, England: Wiley.

For thesis
Thesis for US
Rose, S. L. (2006). Essays on almost common value auctions (Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University). Retrieved from

Thesis from other countries except US
Yakubu, M. T. (2006). Aphrodisiac and toxicological implications of aqueous Fadogia agrestis extract, unpublished doctoral dissertation at the University of Ilorin (Ph.D thesis, The University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria). Retrieved from

N.B. For PhD use: Unpublished doctoral dissertation after the title or Unpublished master's thesis for Master's degree (Publication Manual, p. 207).

All references cited in the text must be represented in the list of references.
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

This should be done online at

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